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Sanctions are not necessary to natural law if we consider itstrictly as a system of divine rules. However, sanctionsare necessary when morality functions as law.Sanctions are mechanisms for enforcement, where inherent motivatingfactors are either absent or underappreciated. Consider, as an example,the moral duty to care for one's children. For most people, thiscarries inherent obligatory force arising from its being obviously goodand necessary. Where a person fails to appreciate the inherentforce of this duty, however, laws exist that require parents to providethe means of life and education for their children, and such lawsstipulate compliance under threat of sanctions. To call the firstinstance a law seems unnecessary, but we can clearly see how theconcept of a rule of law distinguishes the latter case. Sanctionsprovide motives when individuals fail to act on the responsibilitiesreason should on its own reveal and thereby compel. In the Essayson the Law of Nature, Locke writes,

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"Seminar in Political Philosophy: Locke’s Civil Government" was offered in winter 1958 and has 16 sessions, for which there are no existing audiofiles. The texts considered were Two Treatises of Government and Essays on the Law of Nature.

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The first interpretation of Locke's moral theory is what wemight call an incompatibility thesis: Locke scholars Laslett, Aaron,von Leyden, among others, hold that Locke's natural law theory isnothing more than a relic from Locke's early years, when he wrotethe Essays on the Law of Nature, and represents a rogueelement in the mature empiricistic framework of the Essay. Forthese commentators, the two elements found in the Essay seemnot only incommensurable, but the hedonism seems the obvious andstraightforward fit with Locke's generally empiricisticepistemology. The general view is that Locke's rationalismseems, for all intents and purposes, to have no significant role toplay, either in the acquisition of moral knowledge or in therecognition of the obligatory force of moral rules. Thesefundamental aspects of morality seem to be taken care of byLocke's hedonism. Worse than this, however, is that the two viewsrely on radically different epistemological principles. The conclusiontends to be that Locke is holding on to moral rationalism in the faceof serious incoherence. The incompatibility thesis is supported by thefact that Locke seems to emphasize the role of pleasure and pain inmoral decision-making, however it has difficulty making sense of thepresence of Locke's moral rationalism in the Essay andother of Locke's later works (not to mention the exalted role hegives to rationally-deduced moral law). Added to this, even inLocke's early work, he seems to hold both positionssimultaneously. Aaron and von Leyden both throw up theirhands. According to von Leyden, in the introduction to his 1954edition of Locke's Essays on the Law of Nature,

First this paper will essays on the law of nature summary provide a definition for natural law
This is the standard editon of John Locke's classic early work Essays on the Law of Nature

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LOCKE: ESSAYS ON THE LAW OF NATURE (Oxford, 1954), and his article, John Locke and

In his introduction to Locke's Essays on the Law of Nature,1

Essays on the Law of Nature Introduction
Analytical Summary
Text and Translation
Locke's Valedictory Speech as Censor of Moral Philosophy Introductory Note
Text and Translation
Philosophical Shorthand Writings Introduction
Transcripts
Index

Oxford Writings (1652-1667); Two Tracts on Government; Essays on the Law of Nature (1663-1664)

Locke, Essays on the Law of Nature, 109

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