Kurukshetra (Chapter-5 of ESSAYS ON GITA by Sri Aurobindo)

“What the great, the supreme word of the Gita is, its mahavakya, we have not to seek, for the Gita declares it in its last utterance, the crowning note of the great diapason “With th Lord in thy heart take refuge with all thy being; by His grace thou shalt attain to the supreme peace and the eternal status. So have I expounded to thee a knowledge more secret than that which is hidden. Further hear the most secret, the supreme word that I shall speak to thee. Become my-minded, devoted to Me, to Me do sacrifice and adoration; infallibly, thou shalt come to Me, for dear to Me art thou. Abandoning all laws of conduct seek refuge in Me alone. I will release thee from all sin; do not grieve.”(Essays on the Gita pg 34)

The Core of Teaching (Chapter-4 of ESSAYS ON GITA by Sri Aurobindo)

Man and the Battle of Life (Chapter-6 of ESSAYS ON GITA by Sri Aurobindo)

Sankhya and Yoga (Chapter-8 of ESSAYS on GITA by Shri Aurobindo)

“The weakness of the human heart wants only fair and comforting truths or in their absence pleasant fables; it will not have the truth in its entirety because there there is much that is not clear and pleasant and comfortable but hard to understand and harder to bear” (Essays on the Gita pg 381)

The Human Disciple (Chapter-3 of ESSAYS ON GITA by Sri Aurobindo

The first step is Karmayoga, the selfless sacrifice of works, and here the Gita’s insistence is on action. The second is Jnana-yoga, the self-realisation and knowledge of the true nature of the self and the world, and here the insistence is on knowledge, but the sacrifice of works continues and the path of works becomes one with but does not disappear into the path of knowledge. The last step is Bhaktiyoga, adoration and seeking of the supreme Self as the Divine Being, and here the insistence is on devotion; but the knowledge is not subordinated, only raised, vitalised and fulfilled, and still the sacrifice of works continues; the double path becomes the triune way of knowledge, works and devotion. And the fruit of the sacrifice, the one fruit still placed before the seeker, is attained, Union with the divine Being and oneness with the supreme divine Nature.” (Essays on Gita pg 34-35.)

Religion Book Review- Essays on the Gita New U.S. Paperback Ed. by Sri Aurobindo Aurobindo Ghos...
“Ancient thought accepted this starting point so far as it could see it by scrutiny of the universe. The old Upanishads saw it very clearly and phrased it with an uncomprising thoroughness which will have nothing to do with any honeyed glosses or optimistic scuttling of the truth. Hunger that is Death, they said, is the creator and master of this world, and they figured vital existence in the image of the Horse of the sacrifice. Matter they described by a name which means ordinarily food and they said, we call it food because it is devoured and devours creatures. The eater eating is eaten; this is the formula of the material world.” (Essays on the Gita, pg 40-41)has written an excellent essay on this - Our Demand and Need from the Gita, from the book Essays on Gita. He beautifully points out how different commentators have conveniently used the Gita to propagate specific schools of thought like Advaitam, Dvaitam. He goes on to say that the Gita is a far more powerful synthesis that continues to be of great practical utility for humanity.
Sankhya Yoga and Vedanta (Chapter-9 of ESSAYS on GITA by Shri Aurobindo)

The Essays on the Gita-Sri Aurobindo

It is not the ancient Indian thinkers alone, but many leaders of modern times had also taken it as a text for expounding their noblest thoughts. Many books such as Tilak’s Gita Rahasya, Aurobindo’s Essays on Gita and Mahatma Gandhi’s Anasakti Yoga show the continued preference and admiration for Gita over centuries.

ABOUT ESSAYS ON THE GITA

Selections from "Essays on the Gita" by Sri Aurobindo

The Bhagavat Gita is one of the major spiritual works of the world. It forms an integral part of the Mahabharata and is the teaching given by Sri Krishna to Arjuna, when Arjuna faced a crisis of confidence, seeing the huge armies facing him, at the start of the great Mahabharata war. The Gita consists of 700 verses divided into 18 chapters. Sri Aurobindo has given his interpretation of the Gita, in the light of his experience, in the Essays on the Gita. The Essays on the Gita is not a verse by verse commentary on the Gita but Sri Aurobindo approaches the Gita in a large catholic and non-sectarian spirit and brings out the essential teachings in a clear, lucid and harmonious manner and in terms of language addressed to the modern intellectual man.

This book is a chapter-by-chapter summary of Sri Aurobindo’s Essays on the Gita and serves as a companion-guide to aid its study.

Sri Aurobindo: Essays on the Gita - First series - Chapter 4

We are all aware of the supreme importance and the role the teachings of Gita play in the Indian spiritual life, but it would be pertinent to also know the important influence the Gita had on the life of both Sri Aurobindo and the Mother. The Gita, along with the Upanishads, was Sri Aurobindo’s companion in Alipore jail, where he had an intimate communion with Sri Krishna (the Lord of the Gita) and specifically followed the Gita’s yoga. Here, in jail, putting the Gita’s teaching into practice, Sri Aurobindo was constantly guided by Sri Krishna, whom afterwards he declared to have been the master of his yoga. The Gita formed an integral part of the foundation of his avataric realization – which is one reason why his Essays on the Gita remains an essential source of inspiration for all who want to follow in his footsteps (Preparing for the miraculous pg 79).